Starting point is Rocca Paolina, the remains of an imposing XVI century fortress, now under the ground level, built as a punishment after the Perugians had rebelled to Pope Paul III refusing to pay a tax on salt. Once outside Carducci gardens, viewpoint on the south-western part of the city and the Benedictine church of St Peter. Next stop is Piazza Italia with its XIX century palaces that now houses the regional parliament of Umbria.
We take Corso Vannucci, the main street and after a while we stop at the Perugina shop as to tell people the story of the famous BACI. Next stop is at Palazzo dei Priori, the City Hall of Perugia, an imposing palace built between the 1290s and the 1440s. On the ground floor the seat of the Bankers Guild (Nobile Collegio del Cambio) decorated by Perugino and his helpers at the end of the XV century. Next door is the main entrance to the palace where the Gryphon and the Lion, two bronze statues cast in the XIII century, can be seen; they are the symbols of the city. On the last floor of the palace the National Gallery of Umbria, the biggest museum in Umbria with works by great Renaissance painters (Piero della Francesca, Fra Angelico, Benozzo Gozzoli, Perugino, Pinturicchio and many others).
In the middle of the adjoining square, the Fontana Maggiore, considered the most beautiful medieval fountain in the whole country, the work of Nicola and Giovanni Pisano. Completed in 1278, it’s a very beautiful allegory of medieval culture and lifestyle not focusing at all on religion, something very unusual in the XIII century. Opposite the fountain the stairway that leads to the first floor of the Palazzo dei Priori to the Sala dei Notari. Its interior houses interesting frescoes dating from the end of the XIII century probably painted by one of the helpers of Giotto in Assisi.
Across the fountain, on the side of the square the imposing but incomplete gothic cathedral of San Lorenzo. The church is worth a look for its uncommon layout: a hall church with three naves the same height and all the pillars leaning outward. It contains what is supposed to be a relic: the wedding ring of the Virgin Mary. Close to the Cathedral the viewpoint of Colle del Sole with a breathtaking sight on Sant’Angelo, the best preserved medieval quarter of Perugia.
Entry fees are additional and are to be paid by the client at the site.